2019State of Governance

SKOCH State of Governance 2019

Health and cleanliness dominated the good governance initiatives across the country in 2019. A big landmark was achieved when Prime Minister Narendra Modi declared India Open Defecation Free (ODF) on 2 October, on the occasion of 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation. Health is another focus area this year. Ayushman Bharat scheme has brought revolutionary change in the way health services are delivered and financed, especially for the deprived category. Although these schemes have been spearheaded by the central government, states, municipalities and local administration have played a critical role in their successful implementation at the grassroots.

The states that performed better in the areas of health and sanitation emerged as leader in the SKOCH State of Governance 2019 rankings. Municipal Governance and e-Governance also remain among the major focus areas.

Table 1: Category-wise Projects Ranked

S/NCategoryAwardsOrders-of-Merit
1Health1863
2District Administration1550
3Police & Safety1450
4Municipal Governance13104
5e-Governance1061
6Governance743
7Agriculture720
8Municipal Sanitation424
9Skill Development415
10Rural Development310
11Women & Child Development38
12Transport318
13Disaster Management36
14Urban Development220
15Food & Civil Supplies27
16Education119
17Power & Energy117
18Finance & Revenue15
19Water Resources15
20Infrastructure13
21Irrigation02
22Tourism & Culture02

Gujarat has regained top spot in the SKOCH State of Governance ranking on the back of splendid performance in Health, Education, Power and e-Governance segments. Gujarat, which was ranked fifth in 2018, topped this year’s SKOCH State of Governance rankings. 

Maharashtra has surged from eighth position in 2018 to the second position in this year’s ranking. Tamil Nadu has made massive gain surging from 17th position in 2018 to fifth position in this year’s ranking. Andhra Pradesh has slipped to the fourth position from the second position in 2018. Telangana and Andhra Pradesh were jointly at the second position in 2018. This year Telangana has slipped to the sixth position.


Table 2: Governance
S/NStateRank
1Gujarat1
2Tamil Nadu2
3Maharashtra3
4Rajasthan3
5Bihar4
6Nagaland4
7Andhra Pradesh5
8Delhi5
9Karnataka6
10Kerala7
11Madhya Pradesh7

Table 3: Tourism & Culture
S/NStateRank
1Gujarat1
2Himachal Pradesh2

Table 3: Irrigation
S/NStateRank
1Karnataka1
2Rajasthan1

Haryana has regained its position in top 10 after slipping to 14th position in 2018. Other states in the top 10 include Madhya Pradesh at the seventh position, Karnataka at the eighth and Odisha at the 10th position. Maharashtra registered a remarkable comeback this year on the back of strong performance in Municipal Governance, while Health, Police & Safety and District Administration helped Haryana secure its berth in the top-10.

EVIDENCE-based Evaluation

The annual SKOCH State of Governance ranking is based on independent study and evaluation of programmes and projects at different levels of governance. The ranking is derived from outcome and evidence-based analysis of projects and programmes shortlisted from across the country from entries made by the implementing agencies since 2003.

Gujarat has regained top spot in the SKOCH State of Governance ranking on the back of splendid performance in Health, Education, Power and e-Governance. Gujarat, which was ranked fifth in 2018, topped this year.

This year, 935 projects from across the country were shortlisted for deeper study and evaluation by a Jury, comprising of domain experts. The performance of each project adds to the weight in the ranking of a particular state. The weightage is derived from the outcomes and impact that each project has had on the targeted beneficiaries.

Gujarat topped this year’s ranking with 104 projects from the states making entry to the final shortlist for evaluation. Out of these 20 projects from Gujarat were found to be exceptionally impactful. With 50 projects making entry into the final shortlist for evaluation Maharashtra occupied second position. West Bengal came at third position with 20 projects, nine of which were adjudged highly impactful. Haryana secured its position in the top-10 on the back of impactful projects. Nine projects from Haryana were shortlisted for final evaluation, out of these six were found to be impactful.

What makes SKOCH Ranking unique?

There are several reports and rankings on the state of governance. Most of them base their reports and findings on secondary statistics and government reports. SKOCH State of Governance report is unique because it is based on primary data and field studies. Outcome-based assessment is done at the project level. Ground level impact of the projects is studied and evaluated.

All States and government agencies are free to submit as many well performing projects and programmes as they have for evaluation and assessment. There is no bar on entries on the number of projects. Project leaders, champions and architects responsible for the rollout and implementation of the shortlisted projects are called for presentations and further evaluation. Domain experts study and evaluate each project. In addition, extensive field research is also done to evaluate the impact of the projects at the grassroots level.

Ranking Categories

There have been impressive good governance initiatives from across the country. While in some states these are extensively being implemented across the government departments and organisations, in others it is limited to a few departments. SKOCH’s endeavour has been to highlight the best practices from across the country. For a better understanding the states have been classified in three groups.

The states where projects have performed the best in terms of rankings across different parameters have been classified as “STARS”. States that have done commendable work are next in the rankings classified as “PERFORMERS” and the remaining states are classified as “CATCHING-UP”.


Table 5: Police & Safety
S/NStateRank
1Telangana1
2Madhya Pradesh2
3Tamil Nadu3
4Andhra Pradesh4
5Haryana5
6Kerala6
7Gujarat7
8Himachal Pradesh7
9Goa8
10Jammu & Kashmir9
11Maharashtra10

Table 6: Police & Safety
S/NStateRank
1West Bengal1
2Gujarat2
3Telangana3
4Kerala4

Table 7: Finance
S/NStateRank
1Tamil Nadu1
2Gujarat2
3Delhi3
4Karnataka3

Gujarat tops in EIGHT Sectoral Rankings

Gujarat has gained number one position in eight sectoral rankings in the SKOCH State of Governance report. The sectors include Health, Power, Education, e-Governance, Transport, Tourism & Culture, Infrastructure and Governance.

Gujarat has a massive lead in health sector during the year. Be it Ayushman Bharat or other health related initiatives Gujarat has shown the way. Twenty projects were shortlisted from Gujarat for final evaluation and assessment. Four of these projects were adjudged to be highly impactful. 

Gujarat government has taken a number of initiatives to improve child health services, with an objective to reduce infant mortality rate. The interventions include facility based new-born care, home based new-born care, deployment of HR, capacity building and improved referral system. It has shown good results in the form of reduction of new-born and infant mortality rate in the last few years. Infant mortality rate has declined from 33 to 30 per 1,000 live births (SRS 2016) and under-5 mortality – from 39 to 33. Gujarat’s Health And Family Welfare Department has introduced Paediatric Cancer Treatment under Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram. The programme envisages child health screening and early intervention services for children from birth to 18 years, a systemic approach of early identification of medical conditions and link to care, support and treatment.

SKOCH State of Governance report is unique because it is based on primary data and field studies. Outcome-based assessment is done at project level. Ground level impact of the projects is studied and evaluated.

Gujarat has introduced technology-enabled community health system called TeCHO+ with an objective to further improve coverage and quality of health services. TeCHO+ is an interactive platform to provide health services to respective beneficiaries at their door steps with two way exchange of data from community to health facility and vice versa.

Gujarat topped the sectoral e-Governance ranking followed by Maharashtra at the second position. Sixteen e-Governance projects from Gujarat made to the final evaluation list, three of them were in the high impact category. From Maharashtra two projects made to the list, both in the high impact category.

To check illegal mining, Gujarat has introduced drone-based surveillance system called TRINETRA. This has proved very effective in checking illegal mining in remote locations, especially in the inaccessible areas of the river-beds. The state has also introduced e-Auction system for mines with an objective to eliminate any irregularities. Gujarat is the only state to have its own dedicated e-Auction portal.

With 11 winning projects, Gujarat topped in Governance category leaving Tamil Nadu to the second spot and Maharashtra to the third. 


Table 8: Women
& Child Dev
S/NStateRank
1Rajasthan1
2Tamil Nadu2
3Chhattisgarh3
4Gujarat4
5Karnataka3

Table 9: Municipal
Governance
S/NStateRank
1Maharashtra1
2Karnataka2
3Gujarat3
4Tamil Nadu4
5Chhattisgarh5
6Haryana6
7West Bengal6
8Madhya Pradesh7
9Andhra Pradesh8
10Rajasthan9
11Telangana9

Table 10: e-Governance
S/NStateRank
1Gujarat1
2Maharashtra2
3Karnataka3
4Uttar Pradesh4

Maharashtra tops in Municipal Governance & Urban Development

Maharashtra topped in two sectoral rankings – Municipal Governance and Urban Development. Twenty four projects were shortlisted from Maharashtra for final evaluation and assessment. Five of them were found to be highly impactful. With nine projects, Karnataka was in the second position while Gujarat stood at the third position with eight projects.

Maharashtra also topped the Urban Development category with four projects. Two of them were adjudged highly impactful. Although in terms of the number of projects Andhra Pradesh was ahead with six projects, Maharashtra topped due to the impact of the projects. Chhattisgarh was at the third position in Urban Development category with four projects. 

Thane Municipal Corporation has introduced a project called DigiThane, a digital ecosystem for providing better services to the citizen. It provides G2C, B2C and C2C services to the citizens of Thane. It has registered more than 1.5 lakh households, helping them interact with the Municipality through more than 6 lakh interactions, availing municipal services and making payments online, taking part in governance through digital surveys, providing alerts regarding water, traffic.


Table 11: Sanitation
S/NStateRank
1Telangana1
2Assam2
3Uttar Pradesh3
4Rajasthan4
5Madhya Pradesh5
6Maharashtra6
7Odisha6
8Bihar7
10Chhattisgarh7
11Gujarat7
11Haryana7

Table 12: Health
S/NStateRank
1Gujarat1
2Andhra Pradesh2
3West Bengal3
4Haryana4
5Delhi5
6Uttar Pradesh5
7Sikkim6
8Kerala7
9Chandigarh8
10Karnataka9
Maharashtra topped the Urban Development category with four projects. In terms of the number of projects Andhra Pradesh was ahead with six projects, Maharashtra topped due to the impact of the projects. Chhattisgarh was at the third position.

Hospital Management Information System (HMIS) introduced by Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) seeks to maintain the patient information in a centralised manner, which facilitates faster access to the patient records, eliminates the data redundancies and provides accurate and reliable data. The project helps to reduce the turnaround time, which helps to serve more patients efficiently. A number of impressive initiatives have also been taken by Pune Municipal Corporation.

Maharashtra has launched pan-state Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) and Services portal as a single platform for an end-to-end online workflow for Aadhaar-based DBT. The portal has been developed on an Enterprise Architecture Framework with the basic principle that the government will not ask for any information from a citizen that any department or agency of the government already has. Through MahaPariksha initiative Maharashtra government targets to eliminate irregularities from examinations, especially recruitment exams. Under this computer-based test system, all examination activities are conducted under the strict surveillance of CCTVs and in the presence of trained proctors. Exam systems are designed to minimise the chances of malpractices with efficient system designs like in-center registration with photo capturing and recognition, randomisation of questions and displaying only one question at a time. All data transfers are enabled in a highly encrypted mode with no possibility of breach.

West Bengal tops in Four Sectoral Rankings

West Bengal has topped in four sectoral rankings – Skill Development, Food & Civil Supplies, Water Resources and Rural Development. The state has two winning entries in Skill Development category and one impactful entry each in Food & Civil Supplies, Water Resources and Rural Development sector. West Bengal, the topper of 2018 SKOCH State of Governance ranking, slipped to the third position. The state has 20 winning projects. Out of these nine were in very impactful category.


Table 13: Districts
S/NStateRank
1Andhra Pradesh1
2Gujarat2
3Telangana3
4Punjab4
6Haryana4
7Bihar5
8Tamil Nadu6
9Mizoram7
10Jharkhand7
11Uttarakhand7

Table 14: Agriculture
S/NStateRank
1Telangana1
2Gujarat2
3Odisha3
4Karnataka4
5Tamil Nadu5
6Kerala6

Table 15: Education
S/NStateRank
1Gujarat1
2Karnataka2
3Bihar3
4Himachal Pradesh3
5Kerala3
6Rajasthan3
7Madhya Pradesh4

West Bengal has introduced an integrated skill development programme called Utkarsh Bangla. With an annual target to train 600,000 persons, the scheme aims at creating a pool of skilled candidates who are industry ready. The programme caters mainly to youth from underprivileged background. While expanding the outreach of skilling, the e-Governance portal of Utkarsh Bangla allows a cogent monitoring of all the stakeholders involved. Nearly a million candidates have already undergone skill development training under the scheme. Spread across geographies, it has been able to integrate all stakeholders involved and thus broadening the canvas of the skill ecosystem, it has hence allowed convergence of different departments to deliver the mandate of skilling in a holistic manner.

West Bengal has topped in four sectoral rankings – Skill Development, Food & Civil Supplies, Water Resources and Rural Development. It has two winning entries in Skill Development and one impactful entry each in Food & Civil Supplies, Water Resources and Rural Development.

With an objective to ensure food security to poor and marginalised people West Bengal has introduced a scheme called “Khadya Sathi”. The scheme covers all the poor and vulnerable sections of society. While poor are provided food items on highly subsidised rates, the government ensures that the farmers get at least the Minimum Support Price (MSP). Both the elements of procurement and distribution are based on online mode with a clear objective of transparency, cost effectiveness and speedy delivery of the benefits.

Telangana leads in Three Sectoral Rankings

Telangana emerged top performer in three sectoral rankings – Municipal Sanitation, Agriculture and Police & Safety. In Sanitation category, Telangana led with five winning projects. Out of these one was adjudged highly impactful. Assam came second with three projects, while Uttar Pradesh stood at third with two projects in the Sanitation category. Both the states had one impactful project each. 

In Police & Safety category Telangana topped with seven winning entries, two of them in the highly impactful category. In Agriculture segment Telangana topped in two entries both in the highly impactful category. 

Telangana has introduced community-oriented policing system with an objective to bring police and citizens together to prevent crime and solve community and neighbourhood problems. This is the first-of-its-kind project initiative in India done on a large scale. The emphasis of the initiative is to prevent crime, foster citizens’ control over the quality of life in their community. It recognises the independence and shared responsibility of the Police and the Community in ensuring a safe and secure environment for all citizens.

Andhra Pradesh leads in District Administration

Andhra Pradesh has secured top position in the District Administration category. It has five winning projects, out of which three were in highly impactful categories. Gujarat came second with nine projects, but only one in the impactful category.


Table 16: Urban Development
S/NStateRank
1Maharashtra1
2Andhra Pradesh2
3Chhattisgarh3
4Kerala4
5Uttarakhand5
6Delhi6

Table 17: Rural Development
S/NStateRank
1Tamil Nadu1
2West Bengal1
3Maharashtra2
4Andhra Pradesh3
5Chhattisgarh3

Krishna District of Andhra Pradesh has launched Systematic Voter’s Education and Electoral Participation (SVEEP) with an objective to increase awareness among voters and to make their participation in the electoral process smooth and convenient. The District Administration has made interventions through different modes and media designed to educate citizens, electors and voters about the electoral process in order to increase their awareness and participation. The initiative has led to a significant increase in the voter participation. During 2019 General Election the voter turnout in Krishna District stood at 80 per cent, significantly higher than the national average of 67 per cent.

Another commendable effort of Krishna District Administration is ‘zero budget natural farming’. This the practice of sustainable farming with judicious use of available natural resource. The move is aimed to achieve low-cost and profitable farming by following a climate change resilient farming model with no chemical fertiliser and pesticides.

In Health sectoral ranking Andhra Pradesh stood at the second position. Mukhyamantri e-Eye Kendram (MeEK) project of Andhra Pradesh Government has played significant role in reducing blindness by offering timely treatment, especially to the poor in rural areas.

Tamil Nadu leads in Finance, Rural Development

Tamil Nadu secured leading position in two sectoral rankings – Finance and Rural Development. The state had a very impactful entry in Finance sector, while in the Rural Development category out of the two winning entries, one was in the impactful category.


Table 18: Water Resources
S/NStateRank
1West Bengal1
2Assam2
3Gujarat2
4Karnataka2
6Telangana2

Table 19: Power
S/NStateRank
1Gujarat1
2Bihar2
3Madhya Pradesh2
4Karnataka3
5Kerala3

Table 20: Skill Development
S/NStateRank
1West Bengal1
2Tamil Nadu1
3Rajasthan2
4Himachal Pradesh3
5Gujarat4
6Karnataka4
7Chhattisgarh5

In order to create an investor friendly climate, the Government of Tamil Nadu has developed a Single Window Portal exclusively for the MSMEs. The key technology interventions of this online Single Window Portal are to deliver the requisite services to the investors in a time-bound and transparent manner during the pre-establishment stage, pre-operation stage and renewal stage. The portal helps the entrepreneurs towards ensuring ease-of-doing business thus reducing significantly the time required to get approvals and also helps to attract more investors.

A number of initiatives have been taken for development of rural areas in Tamil Nadu under Shyama Prasad Mukherjee RURBAN Mission. 103 projects are included under the mission. It has 16 components. It includes water conservation, electrification, environment, skill development training linked to economic activities, agri-services and processing, solid and liquid waste management, inter-village road connectivity and public transport among others.

Sectoral Performance

SKOCH State of Governance is the most comprehensive study of governance in India. Apart from presenting a comparative picture of states, SKOCH State of Governance study also gives a comprehensive sector-wise analysis. 

The sectoral classification includes Municipal Governance, Sanitation, District Administration, Agriculture, Irrigation, Water Resources, Finance, Education, Power, Health, e-Governance, Transport, Tourism and Culture, Policy and Safety, Women & Child Development, Urban Development, Rural Development, Governance, Skill Development, Food & Civil Supplies, Infrastructure and Disaster Management.

Health

Ayushman Bharat scheme has catalysed good governance initiative in the health sector. A large number of health related good governance initiatives have emerged from across the country. A healthy competition has been witnessed among the states and local bodies within the states to outperform each other in health related governance initiative. The focus areas remain ensuring quality healthcare to the marginalised.

Some states like Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal and Haryana have done exceedingly well to bring the focus back on improving healthcare services and facilities. But still a large number of states continue to lag far behind.


Table 21: Transport
S/NStateRank
1Telangana1
2Madhya Pradesh2
3Tamil Nadu3
4Andhra Pradesh4
5Haryana5
6Kerala6
7Gujarat7
8Himachal Pradesh7
9Goa8
10Jammu & Kashmir9
11Maharashtra10

Table 22: Disaster Management
S/NStateRank
1Odisha1
2Maharashtra2
3Assam3
4Goa4

Table 23: Infrastructure
S/NStateRank
1Gujarat1
2Karnataka2

From across the country 63 projects were shortlisted from health sector for final assessment and evaluation. Out of these 18 were found to be exceptionally good and worth replicating in other parts of the country. The highest number of projects in health sector came from Gujarat. With 20 projects selected for final assessment and evaluation Gujarat topped the sectoral ranking in health. Four projects from Gujarat were found to be good. The initiatives range from health assurance to capacity building and concerted efforts to reduce child and maternal mortality.

The second highest number of good governance projects in health sector came from Andhra Pradesh. With seven projects the state is placed at the second spot in the sectoral ranking. The remarkable thing about Andhra Pradesh is that all the seven projects were in the well performing category. Most of those projects have the potential to be replicated in other parts of the country. 

West Bengal came at number three with five winning projects, two of which were in the highly impactful category. With three entries, out of which two in the impactful category, Haryana came at number four. Delhi and Uttar Pradesh were jointly at number five with four entries and one impactful project from the each state.

Municipal Governance

Among the sectors the largest number of best practices was from the Municipal Governance category. 104 projects from across the country were shortlisted for final evaluation and study in Municipal Governance category. Out of these 13 were in highly impactful category. While in terms of the absolute number of best practices, the largest number came from Municipal Governance category, in terms of the number of impactful projects it came second with 13 projects. Health sector topped with 18 projects. 

The highest number of best practices in Municipal Governance category came from Maharashtra. Twenty four projects from different municipalities of Maharashtra were selected for final evaluation and assessment. Five of the projects from Maharashtra in Municipal Governance category were found to be very impactful. With nine projects, two in the impactful category, Karnataka came number two position in the Municipal Governance sectoral ranking. With eight projects, two of which in impactful category, Gujarat came third, while Tamil Nadu came fourth with five best practices, out of which one was in the impactful category. Chhattisgarh came at fifth position with 24 projects.

e-Governance

Information Technology plays a pivotal role in making public service delivery system more transparent and efficient. e-Governance that involves application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the delivery of government services has remained one of the focus areas of best governance practices. A number of impressive e-Governance initiatives have been taken across the country during the year. In terms of the total number of best practices e-Governance sector came third with 61 winning projects. Out of these 10 were in highly impactful category that have the potential of replication. 

Gujarat topped the sectoral e-Governance ranking followed by Maharashtra at the second position. Sixteen e-Governance projects from Gujarat made to the final evaluation list, three of them were in the high impact category. From Maharashtra two projects made to the list, both in the high impact category.

With six projects, one of which in the high impact category, Karnataka came at number three position. With two winning projects, one in the high impact category, Uttar Pradesh stood at the fourth position.

Sanitation

Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan, a nation-wide cleanliness drive, spearheaded by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has led to a large number of innovative practices by municipalities across the country. Twenty four best practices were shortlisted from across the country in Sanitation category. Four of these projects were in high impact category. 

With five projects, out of which one in the high impact category, Telangana topped the Sanitation sectoral ranking. Assam came at number two with three best practices, out of which one in the high impact segment. With two winning projects, out of which one in the high impact category, Uttar Pradesh came at number three, while Rajasthan was at number four position with one project in high impact category.

District Administration

District administration plays a pivotal role in implementation of the projects at the grassroots level, especially in the rural areas. A large number of impressive initiatives have been taken at the district administration level to make the public service delivery effective, efficient and transparent.

Best practices in District Administration category was recorded from 17 states across the country. Total 50-best practices were recorded. Fifteen of them were in high impact category.

Andhra Pradesh topped the District Administration sectoral ranking with five winning projects, three of which in the high impact category. Gujarat came at number two with nine entries, one of them was in the high impact category. Telangana was at number three with five entries, one in the high impact category. 

Two best practices in the District Administration segment were recorded from Punjab. One of them were in the high impact category. From Haryana also the same number of projects were recorded. Punjab and Haryana stood jointly at the fourth position.

Police & Safety

Police & safety is among the focus areas of best governance practices. From the Police & Safety, total 50-projects were shortlisted for final assessment and evaluation. Fourteen of them were found to be in the high impact category. 

With seven projects Telangana topped the sectoral ranking of Police & Safety. Two of the projects from Telangana were in high impact category. Madhya Pradesh stood at number two position with two high impact projects. Tamil Nadu came at number three with two high impact projects. 

With nine projects, one of which in the high impact category, Andhra Pradesh came at number four, while Haryana came at number five with two high impact projects. Gujarat is placed at seventh spot with two entries. Ten entries from Maharashtra made to the list but none of them was in high impact category.

Education

Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan, spearheaded by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has led to a large number of innovative practices by municipalities across the country. Twenty four best practices were shortlisted from across the country.

Total 19-best practices were recorded from Education sector. However, only one of them were in high impact category. This clearly indicates that education continues to remain among the neglected sector. There is urgent need to push for reforms in the education sector across the country. 

With seven best practices Gujarat topped the sectoral ranking of education. The only high impact project of the sector during the year was also from Gujarat. 

With three projects, Karnataka came at the distant second. Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala and Rajasthan recorded two best practices each. As a result, all these states – Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala and Rajasthan – stood at the third position jointly in the Education sectoral ranking. With one entry Madhya Pradesh stood at the fourth position.

Agriculture

Best practices in agriculture sector were recorded from a few states. Total 20 best practices were recorded, out of which seven were in high impact category. Although some commendable efforts have been made in agriculture sector the number is undoubtedly not satisfactory. For the country where more than 60 per cent of the population is dependent on farming just a handful of best practices would not solve the mammoth problem of agricultural distress. 

With two high impact projects Telangana topped the Agriculture sectoral ranking. Gujarat came at number two with seven projects, three of which were in the high impact category. Although Gujarat has higher number of projects, Telangana was adjudged number one, based on the impact and possible replicability of the project. Odisha came at number three position with four projects, one of which was in the high impact category. With two projects, one of which in the high impact category, Karnataka came at the fourth position. With four entries Tamil Nadu was at number five. Kerala stood at number six with one entry.

Power

Gujarat has led the power sector reforms in the recent years. With nine projects, one of which in the high impact category, Gujarat topped the sectoral ranking of power. 

Total 17 best practices were reported from power sector across the country. Out of these only one was found to be of high impact category. Bihar and Madhya Pradesh came jointly at the second position with three entries each. Karnataka and Kerala came jointly at the third position with one entry each.

Transport

A good number of best practices were recorded from transport sector. Total number of best practices stood at 18. Three of them were in the high impact category. 

Gujarat topped the transport sector ranking with three projects, one of which was in the high impact category. With two projects, one in the high impact category, Madhya Pradesh came at number two. Karnataka came at the third position with two best practices, one in the high impact category. With three projects Bihar came at number four. Assam and Odisha were jointly at number fifth position with two entries each.

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